Review Of Rocks: Question Preview (ID: 27006)


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What does vesicular mean? (Hint: Think about the pumice samples you got from Diamond Del.)
a) A substance that is smooth like glass and has no visible crystals. b) A substance that has a rough texture from large mineral crystals forming underground. c) A substance with holes formed from air bubbles getting trapped inside. d) A substance formed intrusively and takes a long time to cool.
All rocks can turn into other rocks during the never ending ____________.
a) metamorphosis b) cementation c) compaction d) rock cycle
Gneiss and Marble are both examples of ________ rocks that we looked at in our lab.
a) sedimentary b) metamorphic c) igneous d) mineral
Obsidian, granite, and basalt are all examples of ____________ rocks that we looked at in our lab.
a) sedimentary b) metamorphic c) igneous d) mineral
Sandstone, Limestone, and Conglomerate are all examples of __________ rocks that we looked at in our lab.
a) sedimentary b) metamorphic c) igneous d) mineral
Marble is a metamorphic rock that has been put under intense heat. Its minerals are melted and swirled together so it has a _____ texture.
a) Nonfoliated b) Foliated c) Coarse d) Fine
What are the three categories of sedimentary rocks?
a) clastic, chemical, intrusive b) clastic, organic, extrusive c) clastic, foliated, nonfoliated d) clastic, chemical, organic
How do sediments form?
a) heat b) pressure c) weathering d) melting
Metamorphic rocks that are put under intense pressure tend to have a ________ texture so their minerals are all lined up in bands or layers..
a) Nonfoliated b) Foliated c) Coarse d) Fine
After deposition, _____________ and ___________ occur to create sedimentary rocks.
a) evaporating and dissolving b) melting and cooling c) weathering and erosion d) compating and cementing
Halite or rock salt is left behind after salt water evaporates. It is an example of a ________ sedimentary rock.
a) chemical b) clastic c) organic d) extrusive
Rocks are made of a mixture of _________________.
a) dead plants and animals b) minerals c) magma or lava d) sand and pebbles
Why are sedimentary rocks the only rocks with fossils in them?
a) Because they are hot glued together. b) Because they last longer than igneous or metamorphic rocks do. c) Because they don't undergo intense heat and pressure like igneous or metamorphic rocks do. d) Because they freeze the fossils in place.
Extrusive igneous rocks cool ___________ so they have ________ crystals.
a) quickly, small/no b) quickly, large c) slowly, large d) slowly, small
Rocks are classified as igneous, metamorphic, or sedimentary by _____________.
a) how they melt. b) how they form. c) the colors of their minerals. d) their density.
Coal is a sedimentary rock made from compressed, dead plant matter so it is a ______ sedimentary rock.
a) clastic b) intrusive c) chemical d) organic
Intrusive igneous rocks cool ____________ so they have ____________ crystals.
a) quickly, small b) quickly, no c) slowly, large d) slowly, small
Which type of rock forms from intense heat and pressure?
a) igneous b) sedimentary c) metamorphic d) clastic
Clastic sedimentary rocks are formed from ____________.
a) compacted and cemented sediments. b) cooling magma or lava. c) minerals under intense heat and pressure. d) chemical processes.
Igneous rocks are formed from _____________.
a) sediments compacted and cemented together. b) intense heat and pressure. c) chemical processes. d) cooling magma or lava.
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