5th-6th Grade Science Chapter 1 Study Guide: Question Preview (ID: 26669)


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The pieces of ash and lava blown into the air by a volcano are called _________________.
a) cinders b) tephra c) lava d) magma
Scientists who study the movements of the earth are called ____________.
a) pedologists b) taxonomists c) volcanologists d) seismologists
A certain volcano has a bowl-like crater at its top and only one main vent. Scientists would classify this volcano as a ____________ volcano.
a) Pelean b) cinder cone c) composite d) shield
The beginning point of an earthquake is its ________________.
a) focus b) epicenter c) eruption d) magnitude
Mauna Loa is the world's largest active volcano. This large, gradually sloping volcano has erupted many times. This volcano would be an example of a _________ volcano.
a) composite volcano b) cinder cone c) sheild d) Pelean
An earthquake's magnitude can be measured by _______________.
a) the Mercalli scale b) a geodometer c) the Richter scale d) a seismograph
Volcanoes that do not have a recorded eruption and are not expected to erupt in the future are considered to be _____________ volcanoes.
a) extinct b) dormant c) cinder cone d) composite cone
A _______________ detects, times, and measures the movements of the earth.
a) tiltmeter b) pictograph c) seismograph d) geodometer
Volcanoes that have erupted in the past and are not expected to erupt again are considered to be ______________ volcanoes.
a) extinct b) dormant c) active d) shield
Earthquakes happen below the surface of the earth.
a) True b) False c) d)
Volcanic fog is called smog.
a) True b) False c) d)
The lithosphere is located beneath the mantle of the earth.
a) True b) False c) d)
Many volcanoes are found in the Ring of Fire, an area around the edges of the Pacific Ocean.
a) True b) False c) d)
The point on the surface of the earth directly above the focus is the eruption.
a) True b) False c) d)
Magma underneath the earth's crust is called lava.
a) True b) False c) d)
Seismic waves are vibrations that flow out from the focus of an earthquake.
a) True. b) False. c) d)
Geysers and mud pots are both types of hot springs.
a) True. b) False. c) d)
Seismic waves are vibrations that flow out from the focus of an earthquake.
a) True. b) False c) d)
Earthquakes can occur when plate boundaries shift suddenly along a fault and release their stored energy.
a) True. b) False. c) d)
Earthquakes can trigger tsunamis.
a) True. b) False. c) d)
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