Mitosis And Meiosis Key Terms: Question Preview (ID: 2535)


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DNA
a) The molecule that encodes genetic information. b) The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity c) A small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus that contains the centrioles and serves to organize microtubules. d) A pair of chromosomes containing sequences for the same genes, each derived from one parent.
Gene
a) The fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity b) Mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes in eukaryotic cell division c) A specialized chromosome region to which spindle fibers attach during cell division d) short cylindrical organelle, found in pairs arranged at right angles to each other
Chromosome
a) The self- replicating genetic structure of cells containing the cellular DNA b) Mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes in eukaryotic cell division c) A four-part structure that forms during the prophase of meiosis and consists of two homologous chromosomes, each composed of d) A single set of chromosomes (half the full set of genetic material),
Chromatid
a) One of the daughter strands of a chromosome that has recently been copied b) A small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus that contains the centrioles and serves to organize microtubules c) An imaginary plane perpendicular to the spindle fibers of a dividing cell, along which chromosomes align during metaphase d) One pair of homologous chromosomes resulting from the division of a tetrad during meiosis.
Centromere
a) A specialized chromosome region to which spindle fibers attach during cell division. b) Mass of genetic material composed of DNA and proteins that condense to form chromosomes in eukaryotic cell division c) A small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus that contains the centrioles and serves to organize microtubules d)
Spindle Fibers
a) Microtubular structures that extend from the centrioles and attach to the centromere of a chromosome during mitosis and meios b) A pair of chromosomes containing sequences for the same genes, each derived from one parent. c) A short cylindrical organelle, found in pairs arranged at right angles to each other at the centre of a microtubule d)
Homologous chromosomes
a) A pair of chromosomes containing sequences for the same genes, each derived from one parent. b) One pair of homologous chromosomes resulting from the division of a tetrad during meiosis. c) A four-part structure that forms during the prophase of meiosis and consists of two homologous chromosomes, each composed of d) Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans).
Haploid
a) A single set of chromosomes (half the full set of genetic material) b) Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans). c) A full set of genetic material, consisting of paired chromosomes one chromosome from each parental set. d) A pair of chromosomes containing sequences for the same genes, each derived from one parent.
Diploid
a) A full set of genetic material, consisting of paired chromosomes one chromosome from each parental set b) Microtubular structures that extend from the centrioles and attach to the centromere of a chromosome during mitosis and meios c) A small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus that contains the centrioles and serves to organize microtubules. d) One of the daughter strands of a chromosome that has recently been copied
Gamete
a) Mature male or female reproductive cell (sperm or ovum) with a haploid set of chromosomes (23 for humans). b) A single set of chromosomes (half the full set of genetic material), present in the egg and sperm cells of animals and in the c) One pair of homologous chromosomes resulting from the division of a tetrad during meiosis d)
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