5th Physical Science TCAP Practice: Question Preview (ID: 25053)


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Jim has a sample of matter for which he wants to determine the chemical properties. What is the best experiment he can do to answer his question?
a) determine its ability to produce heat b) determine its reactivity with an acid c) determine its ability to conduct electricity d) determine its ability to form a mixture
Which of the following is correct?
a) A chemical property can be observed without changing the substance. b) A physical property cannot be observed without changing the substance. c) A chemical property cannot be observed without changing the substance. d) A chemical property is the same thing as a physical property.
Which of the following is an example of a chemical property?
a) the ability to form a mixture b) the ability to evaporate c) the ability to freeze d) the ability to react with another substance to form a new substance
Jay saw a muddy puddle in the street in the morning. By two 2:00, the puddle had disappeared. Which is the best inference about what happened?
a) It was very cold throughout the day. b) It was sunny and hot throughout the day. c) The water rolled down a hill. d) It was windy throughout the day.
Which of these is not a physical property?
a) density b) color c) flammability d) ability to conduct electricity
Which of the following decreases the rate at which a substance melts?
a) decreasing the temperature b) increasing the temperature c) increasing the humidity d) decreasing the pressure
Which best describes kinetic energy?
a) stretch b) elasticity c) stored d) motion
Which is not a method of heat transfer?
a) convection b) specific heat c) conduction d) radiation
Which of these is an example of only potential energy?
a) A roller coaster at the bottom of a hill. b) A ball rolling on the ground. c) A roller coaster stopped at the top of a hill. d) A ball thrown from third base to first base.
Which best describes what happens to the particles in a substance as the substance condenses?
a) The particles become larger. b) The particles stick together. c) The particles move more slowly. d) The particles disappear.
Juanita noticed droplets of water on a spider web one morning. She saw on the morning news that it was cool and dry the night before. Which best describes Juanita's observation?
a) Water vapor from the air condenses on the web, forming water droplets. b) It really had rained the night before, but the weather reporter gave the wrong news. c) Water from nearby trees leaked out onto the web. d) Water from the ground evaporated on the web.
Thermal energy can be transferred through empty space by
a) conduction b) radiation c) convection d) reflection
Which of these is an example of kinetic energy?
a) a ball sitting on top of a hill b) a ball resting on the floor c) a ball rolling on the floor d) a ball being held by a person
What must happen to a liquid before it can become a gas?
a) Energy must be added to the liquid. b) The mass of the liquid must increase. c) Energy must be removed from the liquid. d) The mass of the liquid must decrease.
Which of these is not a physical property?
a) ability to burn b) state of matter c) density d) mass
Which of these best describes a chemical change that happened to an iron rod?
a) The iron rod bent. b) The rod melted. c) The iron rod rusted. d) The iron rod was cut in half.
A puddle forms after a rainstorm. What happens to the puddle after the Sun heats Earth?
a) The puddle condenses. b) The puddle evaporates. c) The puddle gets bigger. d) The puddle changes location.
How are freezing and condensation alike?
a) decreasing the temperature b) increasing the temperature c) increasing the humidity d) decreasing the pressure
Which of the following will increase the rate at which a substance melts?
a) Both describe ways a solid can change. b) Both occur when particles of matter spread apart. c) Both involve the addition of heat. d) Both involve the loss of heat.
What causes the particles of a substance to evaporate?
a) The particles lose energy. b) The particles gain energy. c) Some particles disappear. d) Some particles increase in size.
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