Evolution Quiz: Question Preview (ID: 24927)


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Many gardeners use a chemical weed-killer to control plant pests in their gardens. However, many weeds have begun to develop a resistance to these chemical poisons. This is an example of _________ in action.
a) hybridization b) natural selection c) polynuclueization d) chemical selection
Which was most likely a consequence of the breakup of the supercontinent Pagea on the evolution of life on Earth?
a) Populations of animals separated by the breakup of Pangea probably adapted to new environments and evolved into new species. b) Continental drift could rapidly change local climates, driving species to extinction. c) Populations of animals separated by the breakup of Pangea probably remained exactly the same over time. d) Continental drift could rapidly change local climates, triggering the evolution of new species.
Which situation is a good illustration of a biologically resistant species?
a) A mule, despite being the product of two different species (a horse and a donkey). b) A staph bacteria in a hospital that is not killed by penicillin or several other antibiotics. c) An alligator. Alligators still survive, despite being dated by fossils to the time of dinosaurs. d) A species of African cichlid fish, which is thought to have rapidly evolved, along with 500 other similar species.
What do you call a structure that serves no apparent useful function?
a) vestigial structure b) homologous structure c) analogous structure d) biochemical structure
What do you call a structure that is similar in form to the structure of another organism, even if it has a different function? (Like bones in a human arm and a bat wing)
a) vestigial structure b) homologous structure c) analogous structure d) biochemical structure
When one organism is better adapted to its environment than another, it is more likely to survive and reproduce. What is this idea called?
a) gradualism b) speciation c) natural selection d) artificial selection
Which of the following is an example of biochemical evidence for evolution?
a) a bird, whale, and cat all have the same types of bones in their forelimbs b) the presence of pelvic bones in a whale c) the human protein hemoglobin is almost identical to gorilla hemoglobin d) the ostrich, rhea, and emu all developed similar traits even though they live on separate continents
What does evolution mean in biology?
a) change in species over time b) change in individuals over time c) change in theories over time d) change in ecosystems over time
According to Darwin's view of natural selection, overproduction means producing
a) too few organisms to enable all to survive b) more food than is needed by a population c) more offspring than can survive d) too many species in one area
The hypothesis that evolution occurs in spurts through geologic time is known as
a) directional evolution b) directional equilibrium c) punctuated equilibrium d) punctuated evolution
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