Evolution Vocabulary: Question Preview (ID: 24921)


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inherited characteristic that increases an organism’s chance of survival
a) fitness b) adaptation c) evolution d) survival of the fittest
principle that all living things have a common ancestor
a) common descent b) descent with modification c) evolution d) survival of the fittest
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce in its environment
a) fitness b) adaptation c) survival of the fittest d) evolution
changes in an organism over long periods of time
a) fitness b) adaptation c) descent with modification d) evolution
process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully
a) fitness b) adaptation c) survival of the fittest d) evolution
principle that each living species has descended, with changes, from other species over time
a) adaptation b) common descent c) descent with modification d) evolution
differences among individuals of a species
a) divergent evolution b) natural variation c) natural selection d) artificial selection
process by which unrelated organisms independently evolve similarities when adapting to similar environments
a) divergent evolution b) convergent evolution c) homologous structures d) analogous structures
process by which one species evolves into two or more different forms
a) divergent evolution b) convergent evolution c) homologous structures d) analogous structures
preserved remains or evidence of an ancient organism
a) homologous structures b) analogous structures c) vestigial structures d) fossils
process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully
a) natural variation b) artificial selection c) natural selection d) divergent evolution
selection by humans for breeding of useful traits from the natural variation among different organisms
a) fitness b) natural variation c) natural selection d) artificial seclection
a trait or organ that appears similar in two unrelated organisms
a) homologous structures b) analogous structures c) vestigial structures d) fossils
organs that serve no useful function in an organism
a) homologous structures b) analogous structures c) vestigial structures d) fossils
competition among members of a species for food, living space, and other necessities of life
a) struggle for existence b) survival of the fittest c) natural selection d) fitness
well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations
a) law b) guess c) theory d) prediction
structures that have different mature forms in different organisms but develop from the same embryonic tissues
a) homologous structures b) analogous structures c) vestigial structures d) fossils
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