Vocabulary List 13: Question Preview (ID: 24697)


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The spinning of an object on its axis. This causes night and day on Earth.
a) revolution b) rotation c) waxing d) waning
The movement of an object around another object in space.
a) revolution b) rotation c) waxing d) waning
Something that orbits a larger object such as a planet or star.
a) rotation b) revolution c) waxing d) satellite
One of two days in a year when there is equal day and night. This happens around March 20. This happens because Earth's axis is not tilted towards or away from the sun.
a) fall equinox b) spring equinox c) spring tide d) neap tide
One of two days in a year when there is equal day and night. This happens around September 22. This happens because Earth's axis is not tilted towards or away from the sun.
a) spring equinox b) fall equinox c) spring tide d) neap tide
When the moon goes through all of its phases in a 29 1/2 day cycle and then starts over.
a) spring tide b) neap tide c) satellite d) lunar cycle
The entire lighted side of the moon is facing away from Earth. This is when the moon is completely dark to us. This happens when the moon is on the same side of the Earth as the Sun.
a) full moon b) quarter moon c) new moon d) crescent moon
The moon looks less than half full, but not completely dark.
a) crescent moon b) quarter moon c) new moon d) full moon
This is when half of the side of the Moon facing Earth is lit and the other half is dark. (1/2 of the Moon is lit and 1/2 is dark)
a) crescent moon b) half moon c) full moon d) quarter moon
The Moon looks more than half full, but not completely full. There are 2 of these in the Lunar Cycle.
a) quarter moon b) gibbous moon c) crescent moon d) full moon
The phase that results when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth as the Sun. The entire Moon is lit.
a) new moon b) full moon c) gibbous moon d) quarter moon
From new moon to full moon, more of the moon's lit surface is visible to us. The moon is getting brighter each night.
a) waning b) satellite c) rotation d) waxing
From the full moon to the new moon, less of the moon's lit surface is visible to us. The moon is getting darker each night.
a) waxing b) revolution c) rotation d) waning
Tides during the new and full moons, when the Earth, Sun and Moon line up in a row. The gravity of the Sun and Moon work together and have the strongest pull on Earth. This produces the largest difference between high and low tide.
a) neap tides b) spring tides c) solar eclipse d) lunar eclipse
This tide occurs during quarter moons when the Sun and Moon form a right angle. The gravity of the Sun and Moon partially cancel each other out. Very small difference between high tide and low tide.
a) neap tides b) spring tides c) lunar eclipse d) solar eclipse
This eclipse occurs at the new moon, when the moon moves directly between the Earth and the Sun. Light from the sun is blocked out of view.
a) lunar eclipse b) spring tides c) neap tides d) solar eclipse
This eclipse occurs at the full moon, when the moon moves through the Earth's shadow. Light from the sun is kept from reaching the moon because it's blocked by the Earth.
a) solar eclipse b) lunar eclipse c) neap tides d) spring tides
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