Carbohydrates: Question Preview (ID: 24342)


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An example of a simple sugar, or monosaccharide, is:
a) fructose b) lactose c) maltose d) sucrose
Which of the following is an example of a double sugar, or disaccharide?
a) galactose b) fructose c) glucose d) sucrose
Which of the following is commonly known as table sugar?
a) fructose b) sucrose c) lactose d) maltose
Which of the following is NOT a polysaccharide?
a) glucose b) starch c) glycogen d) cellulose
Organic compounds that are the body's main source of energy are called:
a) enzymes b) lipids c) proteins d) carbohydrates
How are carbohydrates made?
a) syneresis b) photosynthesis c) crystallization d) gelatinization
The browning reaction that can occur with any kind of sugar is known as:
a) syneresis b) caramelization c) crystallization d) gelatinization
The thickening of a starch mixture caused when starch granules absorb water and swell is called:
a) syneresis b) retrogradation c) gelatinization d) caramelization
Research indicates that diets high in fiber may reduce the risk of _____.
a) colon cancer b) heart disease c) high cholesterol d) all of the above
A carbohydate that is composed of MANY monosaccharides (such as cellulose) is known as:
a) trisaccharides b) disaccharides c) polysaccharides d) octosaccharides
Which of the following is NOT a property of sugar?
a) cohesion b) caramelization c) solubility d) sweetness
The main plant fiber found in food is called:
a) cellulose b) glucose c) glycogen d) chitin
Carbohydrates have how many calories per gram?
a) 9 b) 7 c) 4 d) 3
Which of the following sugars is abundantly found in milk?
a) fructose b) maltose c) sucrose d) lactose
Which hormone helps keep glucose in the blood at a normal level?
a) testosterone b) insulin c) thyroxine d) estrogen
________ is the resistance to flow.
a) syneresis b) viscosity c) retrogradation d) gelatinization
Which organ secretes insulin?
a) gallbladder b) liver c) thyroid d) pancreas
Which carbohydrates provides the most bulk to the diet?
a) sucrose b) lactose c) fructose d) cellulose
What form must all carbohydrates be in for cells to use them as an energy source?
a) insulin b) glycogen c) glucose d) fructose
Extra glucose is stored in the liver and muscles as ______.
a) cellulose b) insulin c) galactose d) glycogen
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