Viruses, Bacteria, Protists, And Fungi Review Part 2: Question Preview (ID: 22910)


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Virus characteristics: Choose the most complete answer.
a) Microscopic, nonliving, causes infectious diseases, and requires a host. b) Microscopic, nonliving, causes infectious diseases, contains genetic material, and requires a host. c) Microscopic, nonliving, causes infectious diseases, and contains genetic material,. d) Microscopic, living, causes infectious diseases, contains genetic material, and requires a host.
Bacteria characteristics: Choose the most complete answer.
a) Microscopic, prokaryote, has a cell wall, contains genetic material, and can cause diseases. b) Microscopic, prokaryote, contains genetic material, and can cause diseases. c) Microscopic, eukaryote, has a cell wall, contains genetic material, and can cause diseases. d) Microscopic, prokaryote, has a cell wall, and can cause diseases.
How viruses and bacteria are similar. Choose the best answer.
a) Both viruses and bacteria are microscopic and contain genetic material. b) Both viruses and bacteria are microscopic, nonliving, contain genetic material, and are known to cause diseases. c) Both viruses and bacteria are microscopic, contain genetic material, and are known to cause diseases. d) Both viruses and bacteria are microscopic, and are known to cause diseases.
How viruses and bacteria are different.
a) Viruses are living and require a host to multiply. Bacteria are nonliving prokaryotes that are surrounded by a cell wall. b) Viruses are nonliving and require a host to multiply. Bacteria are living eukaryotes that are surrounded by a cell wall. c) Viruses are nonliving and is surrounded by a cell wall.. Bacteria are living prokaryotes that require a host to multiply. d) Viruses are nonliving and require a host to multiply. Bacteria are living prokaryotes that are surrounded by a cell wall.
Give three real-life examples of ways bacteria can be helpful to humans. (remember 3)
a) Bacteria are used in the production of medicines and some foods, and help break down dead leaves and organisms. b) Bacteria are decomposers and help make insulin, but can cause disease. c) Bacteria help in the production of some foods, but can cause disease. d) Bacteria are used in the producton of food, but can cause disease.
Describe the structure of viruses.
a) All viruses have a protein coat that protects the virus, and some viruses have an inner core of genetic material. b) Some viruses have a protein coat that protects the virus, and all viruses have an inner core of genetic material. c) Some viruses have a protein coat that protects the virus, and some viruses have an inner core of genetic material. d) All viruses have a protein coat that protects the virus, and all viruses have an inner core of genetic material.
How does an active viruses reproduce.
a) Attaches to its host,-takes over the cell’s functions-cell produces viruses until it burst. b) Attaches to its host,-injects genetic material -takes over the cell’s functions-cell produces viruses until it burst. c) Attaches to its host,-injects genetic material -takes over the cell’s functions. d) Attaches to its host,-injects genetic material -takes over the cell’s functions-cell produces virus forever.
Explain why some bacteria are able to survive for long periods of time.
a) Some bacteria can form endospores, when conditions are harsh. When conditions improve the bacteria can grow and multiply. b) Some bacteria can form flagella, when conditions are harsh and relocate. c) Some bacteria can form endospores and fly to a new location d) Some bacteria can form flagella when conditions are harsh. When conditions improve the bacteria can grow and multiply.
3 Protists samples were tested: Sample A - constant Light and it thrived. Sample B -6 hours of light per day and it remained a constant number of organisms. Sample C- constant darkness and it decreased continuously until it was gone. TRUE?
a) The protist in Sample A died out over time. b) The protist in Sample B died out over time. c) The protist in Sample C died out over time. d) They all died at the same time.
A = constant light and thrived. B = some light and maintained. C = no light and constantly decreased. What can you conclude about the effect of light on the protist in Sample C?
a) This protist needs oxygen in order to survive. b) This protist needs a host in order to survive. c) This protist needs no light in order to survive. d) This protist needs light in order to survive.
A = constant light and thrived. B = some light and maintained. C = no light and constantly decreased. Is the protest in Sample C most likely classified as animal-like, plantlike, or funguslike? Explain.
a) It needs light to survive so it must be an autotroph. Therefore it must be an animallike protists. b) It needs light to survive so it must be an autotroph. Therefore it must be a plantlike protists. c) It needs light to survive so it must be heterotroph. Therefore it must be an animallike protists. d) It needs light to survive so it must be an autotroph. Therefore it must be a funguslike protists.
Describe asexual reproduction in fungi.
a) When favorable conditions: Fungi reproduce asexually and make spores that develop into fungi that are identical to parent. b) When favorable conditions, Fungi reproduce sexually and make spores that develop into fungi that are identical to parent. c) When poor conditions, Fungi reproduce asexually and make spores that develop into fungi that are identical to parent. d) When favorable conditions, Fungi reproduce asexually and make spores that develop into fungi that are unique.
Describe sexual reproduction in fungi.
a) Fungi reproduce sexually by hyphae of 2 fungi growing together to produce bacilla that develop into unique fungi. b) Fungi reproduce sexually by flagella of 2 fungi growing together to produce spores that develop into unique fungi. c) Fungi reproduce sexually by hyphae of 2 fungi growing together to produce spores that develop into unique fungi. d) Fungi reproduce sexually by hyphae of 2 fungi growing together to produce spores that develop intoidentical fungi.
Name ways that fungi are beneficial to other organisms. Choose the most correct.
a) Decomposers, food source, production of food. b) Decomposers, food source, production of medicine,. c) Decomposers, production of food and medicine,. d) Decomposers, food source, production of food and medicine,.
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