Climate: Question Preview (ID: 22)


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How does the average annual surface temperature compare from latitude to latitude?
a) As latitude increases, the average annual surface temperature decreases. b) As latitude increases, the average annual surface temperature increases. c) As latitude increases, the average annual surface temperature remains the same. d) none of the above
Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface?
a) the distance from the Equator b) the extent of vegetative cover c) the degrees of longitude d) the month of the year
Which factors have the least effect on the climate of a region?
a) latitude and elevation b) longitude and population density c) wind belts and storm tracks d) mountain barriers and nearness to large bodies of water
What effect does a large body of water usually have on the climate of a nearby landmass?
a) The water causes cooler summers and warmer winters. b) The water causes cooler summers and colder winters. c) The water causes hotter summers and warmer winters. d) The water causes hotter summers and colder winters.
Bodies of water have a moderating effect on climate primarily because
a) water temperatures change more slowly than land temperatures do b) water temperatures are always lower than land temperatures c) water surfaces are flatter than land surfaces d) water gains heat more rapidly than land does
Compared to land surface temperature changes, water surface temperature changes occur
a) more slowly because water has a higher specific heat b) more slowly because water has a lower specific heat c) faster because water has a lower specific heat d) faster because water has a higher specific heat
Which statement best explains why a desert often forms on the leeward side of a mountain range,
a) Sinking air expands and warms. b) Sinking air compresses and warms. c) Rising air compresses and warms. d) Rising air expands and warms.
Why do the windward sides of mountain ranges receive more precipitation than the leeward sides?
a) Sinking air compresses and cools. b) Sinking air expands and cools. c) Rising air compresses and cools. d) Rising air expands and cools.
Which planetary wind pattern is present in many areas of little rainfall?
a) Winds converge and air rises. b) Winds converge and air sinks. c) Winds diverge and air sinks. d) Winds diverge and air rises.
The planetary wind and moisture belts indicate that large amounts of rainfall occur at Earth's Equator because air is
a) converging and rising b) converging and sinking c) diverging and rising d) diverging and sinking
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