Cells Vocabulary: Question Preview (ID: 20381)

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In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane bound organelle that contains the cell's DNA and has a role in cell processes like growth, metabolism, and reproduction is a(n) ___________________________.
a) nucleus b) vacuole c) chloroplast d) mitochondria
One of the small bodies within a cell's cytoplasm that are specialized to perform a specific function is called a(n) ________________________________.
a) organelle b) cell organ c) intracellular atoms d) particle
The gel-like contents of the cell that holds the organelles is called ________________________.
a) cytoplasm b) cell wall c) cell membrane d) nucleus
Which of the following organelles is a thin phospholipid bilayer that covers the cell's surface and is a barrier between the inside of the cell and the cell's environment?
a) cell membrane b) cell wall c) nucleus d) vacuole
The _________________________ is the site of photosynthesis, which converts carbon dioxide and water into sugar, oxygen, and water.
a) chloroplast b) mitochondria c) cell wall d) cell membrane
The ___________ is the smallest unit of that can perform all life processes.
a) cell b) molecule c) organelle d) atom
An organism that consists of a single cell that does not have a nucleus is called a ____________________.
a) prokaryote b) eukaryote c) protist d) fungi
_____________________ is the organelle that stores food, water, and waste for the cell.
a) vacuole b) cytoplasm c) mitochondria d) chloroplast
An organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane is called a ___________________.
a) eukaryote b) prokaryote c) archaea d) bacterial capsule
The differences between a plant and animal cell include:
a) Animal cells have cell walls and plant cells do not have cell walls. b) Plant cells have cell walls and animal cells do not have cell walls. c) Animal cells have a large central vacuole. d) Animal cells have chloroplasts.
_________________________ is the rigid structure that provides extra support for a cell and gives the cell shape.
a) cell wall b) cell membrane c) cytoplasm d) vacuole
In eukaryotic cells, this organelle is the site of cellular respiration, which makes energy.
a) mitochondria b) chloroplast c) vacuole d) nucleus
One difference between plant and animal cells is that _____________________.
a) Plant cells have chloroplasts. b) Animal cells have chloroplasts. c) Animal cells have cell walls. d) Plant cells do not have a cell wall.
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