Early US #1 (government) - North Carolina Social Studies - Middle School: Question Preview (ID: 20259)


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“The most stringent protection of free speech would not protect a man in falsely shouting fire in a theater and causing a panic.” Which interpretation of the Bill of Rights does this statement illustrate?
a) The needs of the government are more important than civil liberties. b) Constitutional protections of liberty are not absolute. c) The Supreme Court can eliminate freedoms listed in the Bill of Rights. d) The Bill of Rights does not safeguard individual liberties.
. At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, delegates from the small states most strongly supported the idea of
a) establishing a strong national executive b) levying taxes on exports c) popular election of Senators d) equal representation for the states in the national legislature
The system of checks and balances is best illustrated by the power of
a) the President to veto a bill passed by Congress b) Congress to censure one of its members c) a governor to send the National Guard to stop a riot d) state and Federal governments to levy and collect taxes
One way in which the United States Constitution differed from the Articles of Confederation was that the Constitution
a) created a national government having three branches b) provided for the direct election of the President by the voters c) made the amendment process more difficult d) increased the powers of the states
Which quotation from the United States Constitution provides for a Federal system of government (federalism)?
a) “He shall have power . . . with the advice and consent of the Senate, . . . and . . . shall appoint . . .“ b) “Every bill . . . shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the President of the United States; . . . c) “The powers not delegated to the United States . . . are reserved to the states . . .“ d) Full faith and credit shall be given in each state to the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
In the United States, the use of implied powers, the amending process, and Supreme Court interpretations have resulted in
a) a general loss of individual rights b) a strengthening of the principle of separation of powers c) the Constitution being adapted to fit changing times d) the limiting of Presidential power in domestic affairs
In the 1780s, many Americans distrusted a strong central government. This distrust is best shown by the
a) lack of debate over the ratification of the United States Constitution b) plan of government set up by the Articles of Confederation c) development of a Federal court system d) constitutional provision for a strong President
Which of these Founders favored a strong national government and a loose interpretation of the United States Constitution?
a) George Mason b) Patrick Henry c) Thomas Jefferson d) Alexander Hamilton
Which of these parts of the United States Constitution contains fundamental liberties of American citizens?
a) Preamble b) Article I, Section 8 — Enumerated Powers c) Article III — Judicial Branch d) Amendments 1–10 — Bill of Rights
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. 10th amendment was added to resolve which of the following issues
a) division of powers among branches of government b) the annexation of new lands into the country c) balance between national and state government power d) the representation of states in the legislative houses
The United States Government is considered a federal system because
a) the people elect national officials b) both national and state governments exist within the nation c) foreign policy is handled by state governments d) each state has equal representation in the United States Senate
Antifederalists criticized the United States Constitution primarily because governing power was concentrated in the
a) State legislatures b) President’s Cabinet c) delegates to the Constitutional Convention d) National Government
Which document guarantees freedom of speech, the right to bear arms, and protection from unreasonable search and seizure?
a) Bill of Rights b) Albany Plan of Union c) Declaration of Sentiments d) Federalist Papers
Which feature of the Constitution prevents one branch of the national government from becoming too powerful?
a) federal supremacy b) checks and balances c) electoral college d) elastic clause
At the Constitutional Convention (1787), the Great Compromise resolved the issue of congressional representation by
a) limiting the terms of elected lawmakers b) providing for direct election of senators c) creating a two-house legislature d) including the electoral college
The years between the end of the American Revolution and the ratification of the Constitution are sometimes called the “critical period” because
a) the western territories were left ungoverned b) the United States fought a war with France c) Spain refused to sell Florida to the United States d) the central government failed to solve many economic problems
Which speaker is expressing an idea that was included in the Great Compromise during the drafting of the Constitution in 1787?
a) Our national government should be strong. State governments should have only limited powers. b) A bicameral legislature would protect the power of both the large states and the small states. c) The expansion of the national government will lead to tyranny. d) The executive branch should have significant power.
Our national government should be strong. State governments should have only limited powers. The executive branch should have significant power. Who would who agree with this statement?
a) Loyalists b) Federalists c) Antifederalists d) Democratic Republicans
At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the Great Compromise and the Three-fifths Compromise both involved the issue of how
a) new states would be created b) states would be represented in the national government c) the armed forces would be controlled d) presidential elections would be conducted
Many Antifederalists opposed ratification of the Constitution until they were guaranteed
a) better protection of individual liberties b) increased presidential authority to wage war c) stricter control over state spending d) expanded police powers
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