Astronomy Review Chapter 1: Question Preview (ID: 19047)


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Earth has seasons because
a) its axis is tilted as it moves around the sun. b) the distance between Earth and the sun changes. c) the temperature of the sun changes. d) it rotates on its axis.
Earth’s rotation takes about
a) 1 month. b) 6 months. c) 365 days. d) 24 hours.
Day and night are caused by
a) eclipses. b) Earth’s rotation on its axis. c) Earth’s revolution around the sun. d) the tilt of Earth’s axis.
When the north end of Earth’s axis is tilted toward the sun, North America will experience
a) more indirect rays and shorter days. b) more direct rays and shorter days. c) more indirect rays and longer days. d) more direct rays and longer days.
During what phase of the moon can a lunar eclipse occur?
a) first quarter b) waxing gibbous c) full moon d) new moon
When are tides highest?
a) when the sun, Earth, and the moon are nearly in a line b) during the moon’s third quarter phase c) when the moon is at a right angle to the sun d) during the moon’s first quarter phase
Tides are caused mainly by
a) Earth’s rotation on its axis, which causes water to move. b) differences in how much the moon pulls on different parts of Earth. c) strong winds blowing water onto coasts. d) differences in how much the sun pulls on different parts of Earth.
How large is the moon compared to Earth?
a) about one-fourth the diameter of Earth b) about the same diameter as Earth c) about one-half the diameter of Earth d) about one-eighth the diameter of Earth
An equinox occurs when
a) the north end of Earth’s axis is tilted toward the sun. b) the north end of Earth’s axis is tilted away from the sun. c) Earth’s axis is parallel to the sun’s rays. d) neither end of Earth’s axis is tilted toward or away from the sun.
The two factors that combine to keep Earth and the moon in their orbits are
a) gravity and inertia. b) orbital speed and mass. c) mass and inertia. d) gravity and orbital speed.
The tendency of a moving object to continue moving in a straight line or a stationary object to remain in place is called
a) mass b) inertia. c) orbital speed. d) gravity.
All objects are attracted to each other by the force of
a) mass. b) gravity. c) weight. d) inertia.
The temperature of the moon’s surface varies greatly from day to night because the moon has
a) no atmosphere. b) highlands. c) maria. d) many craters.
A total solar eclipse is visible from
a) all over Earth. b) only the dark side of Earth. c) only within the moon’s penumbra. d) only within the moon’s umbra.
In the Southern Hemisphere, the summer solstice occurs when the sun is
a) farthest north. b) farthest south. c) closest to Earth. d) at the equator.
n grading the question, it would appear as: You are less likely to see a total solar eclipse than a total lunar eclipse because
a) the moon’s shadow covers all of Earth during a solar eclipse. b) only people on the daytime side of Earth can see a solar eclipse. c) the moon’s umbra only covers a small area on Earth’s surface. d) new moon phases occur less often than full moon phases.
The strength of the force of gravity depends on
a) the weight of the objects and their speeds. b) the masses of the objects and the distance between them. c) the masses of the objects and their weights. d) the masses of the objects and their speeds.
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