Bio I- Vocabulary 1/30, 2/27, 3/6: Question Preview (ID: 17601)

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The scientific study of crime scene evidence
a) DNA microarray b) gene therapy c) Forensics d) DNA fingerprinting
A tool used by biologists that analyzes an individual's unique collection of DNA restriction fragments; used to determine whether two samples of genetic material are from the same person
a) DNA microarray b) Gene Therapy c) Forensics d) DNA fingerprinting
Glass slide or silicon chip that carries thousands of different kinds of single-stranded DNA fragments arranged in a grid. It is used to detect and measure the expression of thousands of genes at one time
a) DNA microarray b) Gene Therapy c) Forensics d) DNA Fingerprinting
The process of changing a gene to treat a medical disease or disorder
a) DNA microarray b) Gene therapy c) Forensics d) DNA Fingerprinting
Long chains of amino acids
a) Codon b) Anticodon c) Translation d) Polypeptides
The synthesis of an RNA molecule from a DNA templater
a) Transcription b) Codon c) Anticodon d) Translation
Type of RNA that carries each amino acid to a ribosome during protein synthesis
a) Transfer RNA b) Transcription c) Ribosomal RNA d) Anticodon
Type of RNA that combines with proteins to form ribosomes
a) Transfer RNA b) Translation c) Ribosomal RNA d) Anticodone
A type of RNA that carries copies of instructions for the assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell
a) DNA Polymerase b) Messenger RNA c) Telomeres d) Base Pairing
Repetitive DNA at the end of a eukaryotic chromosomes
a) DNA Polymerase b) RNA c) Telomeres d) Base pairing
Ribonucleic acid; a single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
a) RNA b) DNA Polymerase c) Telomeres d) Messenger RNA
The principal enzyme involved in DNA replication
a) Base pairing b) DNA polymerase c) Telomeres d) RNA
The process of copying DNA prior to cell divison
a) RNA b) Base Pairing c) Replication d) Messenger RNA
The principle that bonds in DNA can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
a) Replication b) Base pairing c) DNA polymerase d) Telomeres
change over time; the process by which modern organisms have descended from ancient organisms
a) evolution b) artificial selection c) adaption d) fitness
selective breeding of plants and animals to promote the occurrence of desirable traits in offspring
a) adaption b) artificial selection c) fitness d) natural selection
heritable characteristics that increase an organism's ability to survive and reproduce in an environment
a) adaption b) fitness c) evolution d) natural selection
how well an organism can survive and reproduce in its's environment
a) fitness b) natural selection c) evolution d) adaption
process by which organisms that are most suited to their environment survive and reproduce most successfully; also called survival of the fittest
a) fitness b) evolution c) natural selection d) artificial selection
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