Fossils: Question Preview (ID: 17078)


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what is the idea that geologic change happens suddenly?
a) uniformitarianism b) catastrophism c) paleontology d) modern geology
a scientist who published Principle of Geology from 1830-1833?
a) Charles Lyell b) James Hutton c) John Smith d) Jane Doe
The idea that geologic processes occurring now are the same as those in the past
a) uniformitarianism b) catastrophism c) paleontology d) modern geology
Who was the scientist who outlined uniformitarianism in 1788?
a) James Hutton b) Charles Lyell c) John Doe d) Jane Smith
What is a science that combines uniformitarianism and catastrophism?
a) uniformitarianism b) catastrophism c) paleontology d) modern geology
Accord to uniformitarianism, how does geologic change happen?
a) every few years b) suddenly c) gradually d) after an earthquake
Which of the following events would be a catastrophe?
a) an average rainfall b) an asteroid hitting the earth c) gradual erosion d) deposition
What kind of scientist studies the history of plants and animals?
a) a paleontologist b) a botanist c) a geologist d) a chemist
What does a paleobotanist study?
a) vertebrate animals b) invertebrate animals c) past ecosystems d) fossil plants
What is the study of past life using fossils?
a) uniformitarianism b) catastrophism c) paleontology d) modern geology
how are rock layers arranged in the geologic column?
a) youngest rocks are in the middle b) youngest rocks are on the bottom c) oldest rocks are on the bottom d) oldest rocks are on the top
how does a geologist know that rock layers are undisturbed?
a) rock layers aer folded b) rock layers are horizontal c) rock layers are tilted d) rock layers are faulted
What is a fault?
a) molten rock that squeezes into existing rock b) a break in the Earth's crust c) slanted layers of rock d) a bent and buckled layer of rock
what is the most common type of unconformity?
a) a disconformity b) an angular unconformity c) a nonconformity d) a fault
Which of the following are isotopes?
a) atoms with the same number of protons and nuetrons b) atoms with the same number of neutrons c) atoms with the same number of protons but different number of nuetrons d) atoms with the same number of electrons
What does a scientist need to know to figure out the absolute age of a rock?
a) the rate of decay for all elements in the rock b) the rate of decay for a radioactive element in the rock c) the half-life of a radioactive element in the rock d) the rate of decay of the rock's half-life
What is amber?
a) a hard shell b) hardened tree sap c) an insect's body d) wet, sticky tree sap
Which of the following is an example of mineral replacement?
a) La Brea tar pits b) a frozen mammoth c) hardened tree sap d) petrified wood
Which of the following is an example of a trace fossil?
a) preserved footprints b) mold and cast c) hardened tree sap d) a frozen mammoth
Which kind of temperatures will slow doen an organism's decay?
a) warm temperatures in a wet climate b) cool temperatures c) freezing temperatures d) hot temperatures
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