Matter Review: Question Preview (ID: 16278)


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Which of these is NOT an example of matter?
a) The air in the wind b) The water in the ocean c) The sand on the beach d) The bright sunlight
The sum of the protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is called the
a) Ion b) Atomic mass c) Atomic number d) Weight number
Atoms are mostly composed of
a) Neutrons b) Electrons c) Protons d) Empty space
Elements with the same number of protons but different number of electrons are called:
a) Isotopes b) Ions c) Pairs d) Metals
Which of these describe the location of the neutrons in an atom?
a) In the center of the atom b) Orbiting the center of the atom c) Distributed evenly throughout the atom d) Scattered randomly
Which of these describe the property that changes the MOST when a molecule loses an electron?
a) The mass of the molecule b) The number of neutrons c) The change of the molecule d) The elements of the molecule
Elements in group one of the periodic table tend to become positively charged during reactions. Which of these explains how this happens?
a) They lose a proton b) They lose an electron c) They gain a proton d) They gain an electron
Which of these best describes the structure of an atom?
a) A central, positive nucleus with orbiting protons b) A central, positive nucleus with orbiting electrons c) A central, negative nucleus with orbiting protons d) A central, negative nucleus with orbiting electrons
an atom has 6 protons, and atomic mass of 14, and a charge of 0. How many electrons and neutrons does this atom have?
a) 6 electrons and 2 neutrons b) 8 electrons and 0 neutrons c) 6 electrons and 8 neutrons d) 8 electrons and 6 neutrons
Which of these makes the atoms of one element different from the atoms of another element?
a) Number of orbitals b) Number of neutrons c) Number of protons d) Number of electrons
Which element is least likely to combine with another element to form a compound?
a) Iron(Fe), a metal b) Silicon (Si), a metalloid c) Neon (NE), a noble gas d) Chlorine (Cl), a halogen
Which element would most likely bond with oxygen (O)?
a) Mg (magnesium) b) Na (sodium) c) K (potassium) d) P (phosphorous)
If you put a __________ in a new container, it will take the shape of the container, but its volume will not change.
a) Solid b) Gas c) Liquid d) Plasma
A gas:
a) Has no definite shape or volume b) Has a definite shape, but not volume c) Has a definite shape and volume d) Has a definite volume but not shape
The molecules in a _______ are close together but free to move around
a) Solid b) Gas c) Liquid d) Plasma
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