Applied Linguistics: Second Language Acquisition (Part 2): Question Preview (ID: 13032)


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The two types of attention that Barry McLaughlin describes in his Information Processing Theory are
a) focal and peripheral b) controlled and automatic c) positive transfer and negative transfer d) comprehensible input and affective filter
The two types of linguistic knowledge that Ellen Bialystok coined are
a) explicit and implicit b) focal and peripheral c) controlled and automatic d) meaningful and schema
The two types of information processing that Barry McLaughlin discusses in his Information Processing Theory are
a) controlled and automatic b) focal and peripheral c) explicit and implicit d) meaningful and schema
David Ausubel's concept of meaningful learning
a) involves the acitivation and building of schema. b) distinguishes between learning a language and acquiring it. c) differentiates academic English and social English. d) involves minimizing the social distance a LL feels toward both the target language & target culture.
Why are some language learners more successful than others according to the Attention Theories?
a) They paid closer attention & had a chance to talk about the language in detail before practicing it. b) They had a lower Affective Filter. c) The LL participated in "good" conversations with a partner who scaffolded. d) TESOL helped increase motivation by decreasing anxiety and stereotypes.
Why are some language learners more successful than others according to Ausubel?
a) They took the time to make a connection between what they already knew and the new material. b) They have successfully reset parameters. c) They received positive reinforcement for grammatically correct responses & native-like pronunciation d) They learned the L2 during the critical period.
According to the Attention Theories, why should errors be corrected?
a) Since attention should be paid to detail, TESOLs don't want S to practice incorrect forms. b) To give vocabulary, grammar structure, or pronunciation help so that conversations are understood. c) It may affect the rate of acculturation. d) To avoid fossilization and to help students become aware of differences between their NL and the TL.
According to the Attention Theories, why are children more successful at second language learning and acquisition than adults?
a) Both of these statements are true for the Attention Theories. b) Neither of these statements is true for the Attention Theories. c) Children have fewer demands on their attention. d) Teachers of children are more willing to provide meaningful practice.
According to Ausubel, why are children more successful at second language learning and acquisition than adults?
a) Both of these statements are true for Ausubel. b) Neither of these statements are true for Ausubel. c) K-12 teachers take the time to talk with children before a lesson to activate prior knowledge. d) K-12 teachers supplement lessons with large amounts of realia, manipulatives, visuals, and props.
According to Ausubel, should errors be corrected?
a) Ausubel takes no stance on this. b) Yes, to help students become aware of differences between their NL and the TL. c) Yes, to help ELLs feel more confident interacting with the new culture. d) No, because errors will go away naturally as acquisition proceeds.
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