Applied Linguistics: Second Language Acquistion (Part 1): Question Preview (ID: 12745)


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What questions are SLA researchers interested in answering?
a) Both questions are ones that SLA researchers are interested in answering. b) Neither question expresses something SLA researchers are interested in answering. c) How do people learn second languages and what factors influence their learning? d) What role does a learner's first language play in learning a second language?
What is the problem linguists who study Second Language Acquisition trying to figure out?
a) They try to figure out how people learn L2s & which factors help or hinder language learning. b) They try to figure out how people learn their L1. c) They try to figure out the cultural dimensions of language learning. d) They rank & recommend the best language learning software programs available to date.
What did the Contrastive Analysis Hypothesis postulate?
a) A learner's L1 could either facilitate or hamper learning sounds and grammar of a second language. b) People learn to speak in a new language by participating in conversations. c) Societal forces influence the outcome of language learning. d) There are a number of structural aspects common to all languages across the world.
Identify the definition of positive transfer.
a) when a LL predicts how the TL works based on similarities bt. L1 and TL and prediction is correct. b) an error that has become almost impossible to correct. c) when grammar or sounds of L1 get in the way of producing the TL's grammar or sounds. d) an error occurs because the LL predicts how the TL works w/o realizing that the TL and L1 differ.
Cognates
a) are words that are related in form and in meaning to ones in another language. b) are pieces of information students recognize. c) are pieces of information students have learned and understood because they were ready to d) is the name of a pre-writing graphic organizer that shows two wheels with cogs working together.
What did the Universal Grammar Theory suggest?
a) There are a number of structural aspects common to all languages across the world. b) People learn to speak in a new language by participating in conversations. c) Societal forces influence the outcome of language learning. d) A learner's L1 could either facilitate or hamper learning sounds and grammar of a L2.
When is the critical period or window of opportunity in the Critical Period Hypothesis?
a) both statements define the critical period b) neither statement defines the critical period c) up to about 6 years old for pronunciation without an accent d) up to puberty for error-free grammar
Identify the definition of negative transfer.
a) when L1 is different from L2 i n some way, the difference hinders L2 learning b) when L1 is similar to L2 in some way, the similarity helps L2 development c) how L1 and L2 interact d) An ELL whose native language is German thinks MUSIC in English is the same as MUZIK in German.
What is parameter re-setting?
a) the brain expands its language parameters to include the marked and unmarked features of the L2 b) a First Language Acqusition Theory concept c) learning a language as a youth, and then re-studying it in college d) the act of going to another country and learning the language of that country there
Identify the definition for marked features.
a) language characteristics that differ from language universals b) language characteristics that are consistent with language universals c) basic patterns or principles shared by all languages d) the language a LL produces during all stages of proficiency from beginning level up to fluency
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